Axe 3: Representing and Governing Citizens in Critical Times

Theme 3.1: Linking Citizens and Democratic Institutions in a Reform Era

Political institutions create incentives (and disincentives) for people to vote and to be active in politics (Hadenius…

Theme 3.2: Debating Citizens’ Choices: Parties and Parliaments

The decreasing relevance of parliament is widely recognized and distrust in political institutions and political alienation is…

Theme 3.3: Responding to Citizens: Responsiveness, Representation and Accountability

Government accountability is a cornerstone of representative democracy. As the dramatic decline in citizens’ political trust attests,…