Jean-François Godbout




Université de Montreal
Department of Political Science
Email: jean-francois.godbout@umontreal.ca







Education
Ph.D. Northwestern University


Research
Jean-François Godbout is an Associate Professor of political science at the University of Montreal. His research is primarily focused on democratic processes and political institutions. He has published several journal articles on legislative behaviour and elections in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom.



Research Axis
Axis 2: Practicing Citizenship in a Skeptical World - The practice of democratic citizenship is undergoing a multifaceted transition. There are fundamental changes in conceptions of democratic citizenship and in its practice as well as the targets of citizen action. Scepticism about representative democracy as a system of governance is growing and citizens across established democracies are withdrawing from politics. Their perception about the political world is impacted by transformations in the news media practices and by online content, including social media. Voting and party politics have been the basis of conventional interpretations of citizenship, but there is ample evidence that this conception is much too limited. New forms of communication are providing citizens with novel ways to gather information and to engage in politics.



Students
Monika Smaz, PhD

Despite the emphasis on parliamentary reforms in recent decades and the introduction of new legislative procedures, research on free votes remains highly restricted in Canada. Only a handful of studies have examined the influence of free votes on legislative behaviour. These studies range from brief and partial explorations or succinct mentions of free votes (Franks 1987; 1991; 1997; Atkinson and Thomas 1993; Docherty 1997, 141; Brooks 2007, 292; Kam 2009, 77-78; Thomas and Sabin 2013, 4-5) to segmental empirical studies of issues related to specific votes in Parliament (Pothier 1979; Overby, Tatalovich and Studlar 1998; Longley 1999; Overby, Raymond and Taydas 2011). In fact, no study has been interested in analyzing all of the free votes in the Canadian House of Commons recorded after the Confederation. In addition, scholars had analyzed data on legislative voting without developing a theory in order to explain the development of this procedure over time, or to understand why party leaders may strategically use free votes in the legislature to avoid intra-party conflicts. Within the context of this Ph.D. thesis project, I intend to address the puzzles surrounding free votes in the Canadian House of Commons. Using a rational choice institutionalist approach, I seek to address these flaws by developing a theory of parliamentary free voting, which will explain why party leaders decide to allow an unwhipped vote, while on others occasion, they do not, and why Members of Parliament vote the way they do during free votes. Two case studies will be used as an explorative and confirmatory strategy for the testing of my theory of parliamentary free voting. The theory will also be tested empirically at the party or macro level, and at the individual or micro level model. The micro level will also allow me to test some of the democratic representation expectations of free votes. Furthermore, the testing at the macro level will permit me to answer about the effect of free votes on party unity.



Publications
French Legislative Voting in the Fifth Republic
Journal: French Politics
Volume: 11
issue: 4
Year: 2013
First Page: 307
Last Page: 331
Martial Foucault


Coalition Voting and Minority Governments in Canada
Journal: Commonwealth and Comparative Politics
Volume: 49
issue: 4
Year: 2011
First Page: 457
Last Page: 485
Bjørn Høyland


A Vote Function Model to Forecast Canadian Federal Election Outcomes
Journal: PS: Political Science and Politics
Volume: 43
issue: 4
Year: 2010
First Page: 691
Last Page: 699
Éric Bélanger


Economic Voting and Political Sophistication in the U.S.: A Reassessment
Journal: Political Research Quarterly
Volume: 60
issue: 3
Year: 2007
First Page: 541
Last Page: 554
Éric Bélanger


How Sophisticated Can a Voter Be to Make Causal Attributions? A Response to Gomez and Wilson’s Comment
Journal: Political Research Quarterly
Volume: 60
issue: 3
Year: 2007
First Page: 559
Last Page: 560
Éric Bélanger


Class, Party, and South/Non-South Differences: An Update
Journal: American Politics Research
Volume: 32
issue: 1
Year: 2004
First Page: 52
Last Page: 67
Richard Nadeau
Richard G. Niemi
Harold W. Stanley


La dimension régionale du vote économique canadien aux élections fédérales de 1988 à 2000
Journal: Revue canadienne de science politique/Canadian Journal of Political
Volume: 35
issue: 3
Year: 2002
First Page: 567
Last Page: 588
Éric Bélanger


Why do Parties Merge? The Case of the Conservative Party of Canada?
Journal: Parliamentary Affairs
Volume: 63
issue: 1
Year: 2010
First Page: 41
Last Page: 65
Éric Bélanger


Language and Ideology in Congress
Journal: British Journal of Political Science
Volume: 42
issue: 1
Year: 2012
First Page: 31
Last Page: 55
Daniel Diermeier
Bei Yu
Stefan Kaufmann


Forecasting Canadian Federal Elections
Journal: PS: Political Science and Politics
Volume: 43
issue: 4
Year: 2010
First Page: 691
Last Page: 699


The Emergence of Parties in the Canadian House of Commons (1867-1908)
Journal: Revue canadienne de science politique/Canadian Journal of Political
Volume: 46
issue: 4
Year: 2013
First Page: 773
Last Page: 797
Bjørn Høyland


Legislative Voting in the Canadian Parliament
Journal: Revue canadienne de science politique/Canadian Journal of Political Science
Volume: 44
issue: 2
Year: 2011
First Page: 367
Last Page: 388
Bjørn Høyland


Turnout and Presidential Coattails in Congressional Elections
Journal: Public Choice
Volume: 157
issue: 1
Year: 2013
First Page: 333
Last Page: 356


Uniting the Left? The Potential for a NDP-Liberal Party Merger
Journal: Reviving Social Democracy: The Near Death and Surprising Rise of the Federal NDP
Year: 2014
Frédéric Mérand
Place: Vancouver
Publisher: UBC Press


Parliamentary Politics and Legislative Behaviour
Journal: Comparing Canada: Methods and Perspectives on Canadian Politics.
Year: 2014
Place: Vancouver
Publisher: UBC Press


"Les élections au Québec de 1973 à 2012.”
Journal: Les Québécois aux urnes : Les partis, les médias et les citoyens en campagne.
Year: 2013
Editors: UdeM
Place: Montréal


“Le rôle des dépenses électorales.”
Journal: Les Québécois aux urnes : Les partis, les médias et les citoyens en campagne.
Year: 2013
Martial Foucault
Place: Montréal
Publisher: UdeM


“Speech and Legislative extremism in the U.S. Senate.”
Journal: Do They Walk Like They Talk? Speech and Action in Policy Processes
Year: 2009
Bei Yu
Place: New York
Publisher: Springer


“Le Congrès.”
Journal: Le système politique américain, Cinquième édition revue et augmentée.
Year: 2013
Harold. W. Waller


Recension de l’ouvrage “Le parlementarisme canadien. Qua- trième édition revue et augmentée de Réjean Pelletier et Manon Tremblay.”
Journal: Revue canadienne de science politique
Volume: 44
issue: 1
Year: 2011


"Legislative Voting in France"
Year: 2013
Martial Foucault
Place: Chicago
Conference Name: Congrès de l'Association américaine de science politique


"Parliamentary Voting in Canada''
Year: 2013
Bjørn Høyland
Place: Chicago
Conference Name: Congrès de l'Association américaine de science politique


The Consolidation of Parties in the Canadian House of Commons (1911-1962)
Year: 2013
Place: Victoria
Conference Name: Canadian Political Science Association Meeting


Fench Legislative Voting.''
Year: 2012
Martial Foucault
Place: Chicago
Conference Name: Midwest Political Science Association Meeting


French Legislative Voting in the Fifth Republic
Year: 2013
Martial Foucault
Place: Chicago
Conference Name: Midwest Political Science Association Meeting


"The Influence Of Money In Politics"
Year: 2013
Martial Foucault
Place: Victoria
Conference Name: Canadian Political Science Association Meeting,


The Influence of Party Loyalty on Electoral Outcomes
Year: 2012
Andrea Lawlor
Place: edmonton
Conference Name: Congrès annuel de l'association canadienne de science politique


Agenda Control, Partisanship and Voting Unity in the Canadian House of Commons (1867-1908)
Year: 2012
Bjørn Høyland
Conference Name: Congrès annuel de l'Association canadienne de sciene politique


The Quebec Paradox.'
Year: 2012
Place: Ottawa
Conference Name: Congrès annuel de la Societé québécoise de science politique


The Influence of Party Discipline on Electoral Outcomes
Year: 2011
Place: Waterloo
Conference Name: Canadian Political Science Association Meeting


Probability of Pivotal Vote in Multi-Candidate Plurality Elections
Year: 2011
Ludovic Rhéault
Place: Waterloo
Conference Name: Canadian Political Science Association Meeting


``Legislative Turnover in the Canadian House of Commons (1867-2008)."
Year: 2011
Place: Chicago
Conference Name: Midwest Political Science Association Meeting,


`Lawmaking for a New Nation: The Canadian House of Commons (1867-1904).
Year: 2011
Bjørn Høyland
Place: Chicago
Conference Name: Midwest Political Science Association Meeting


The Probability of Pivotal Outcome in Multi-Candidate Plurality Elections.'
Year: 2011
Ludovic Rheault
Place: San Antonio
Conference Name: Annual Meeting of the Public Choice Society


Lawmaking for a New Nation: Canadian House of Commons (1867-1878)
Year: 2010
Bjørn Høyland
Place: Montréal
Conference Name: Canadian Political Science Association Meeting


Two Sides of the Same Coin: Polarization and Moderation in U.S. House Elections, 1972-2008.
Year: 2011
Daniel Lee
Place: Chicago
Conference Name: Midwest Political Science Association Meeting


A Vote Function Model to Forecast Canadian Federal Election Outcomes
Year: 2009
Place: Paris/TO
Conference Name: Economic Voting and VP functions symposium, l'American Political Science Association Meeting


Legislative Coalitions and Minority Governments in Canada
Year: 2009
Bjørn Høyland
Conference Name: Canadian Political Science Association Meeting, Midwest Political Science Association Meeting, American Political Science Association Meeting


Measuring the Influence of Turnout on House Election Results: An Instrumental Variable Approach
Year: 2009
Conference Name: Western Political Science Association Meeting, Midwest Political Science Association Meeting,


Predicting Party Group Affiliation from European Parliament Debates
Year: 2008
Bjørn Høyland
Conference Name: European Consortium for Political Research Meeting of the Standing Group on the European Union,


A Matter of Degree: Policy Preferences and the Probability to Vot
Year: 2008
Avec Mathieu Turgeon
Place: Boston
Conference Name: merican Political Science Association Meeting


The Freshman Dilemma: Legislative Behavior and Electoral Vulnerability.'
Year: 2008
Place: Chicago
Conference Name: Midwest Political Science Association Meeting


Unity in Diversity? The Development of Political Parties in the Parliament of Canada (1867-2011)
Journal: British Journal of Political Science
Bjørn Høyland


Parliament and Parties in Canada
Year: 2016


Party Development in the Early Decades of the Australian Parliament: A New Perspective (1791-1840)
Journal: Australian Journal of Political Science
Volume: 51
issue: 3
Year: 2016
First Page: 478
Last Page: 495


Le developpement des partis politiques au Bas-Canada (1791-1840)
Journal: La Revue d'histoire d'Amerique francaise
Volume: 70
issue: 1
Year: 2016
First Page: 83
Last Page: 111
Eve Bourgeois


“Les institutions parlementaires.”
Journal: La politique quebecoise et canadienne : Une approche pluraliste.
Year: 2014
Place: Montréal
Publisher: UQAM