Diana Cardenas

Université de Montreal

Department of Psychology
Program: PhD Student
Supervisor: Roxane de la Sablonnière
Email: dcardenas06@hotmail.com
Start: 2012
End: 2017

Title: How participating in a new culture facilitates the integration of the new identity: The additive and subtractive processes

Immigration and globalization impact the identities of millions of individuals by offering them opportunities to participate in new cultural groups, that is, to participate in the activities and behaviors that are typical of, or expected in, new cultural groups. Two studies by Cardenas and de la Sablonnière (2016) suggests that participating in a new cultural group can help immigrants identify more with their new group. More specifically, they found a positive link between participation in a new cultural group and identification with this new group among a sample of Latin-American immigrants living in Canada. While increasing our understanding of the process by which an outsider develops identification with a new cultural group, previous research remains silent as to 1) why participation should increase identification with the new group in any intergroup context (e.g., immigration and globalization), and 2) how increasing identification with a new group by participating in it will impact the identity of origin. Indeed, research shows that identifying with a new culture may under some circumstances be associated with lower identification with the identity of origin (subtractive identification pattern). In other cases, the addition of a new identity will not be negatively associated with the identity of origin (additive identification pattern). The first goal of the present thesis is to test whether participating in a new group will predict higher identification with it across different contexts. The second goal is to understand which pattern of identification will emerge as participating in a new group increases identification with it. Three articles serve these goals. The first article lays down the theoretical foundation of the thesis. First, it described the psychological processes by which participation impacts identification with the new cultural group and hence why this process should be applicable across intergroup contexts; second, it proposes that perceived similarity predicts the identification pattern that will occur. More specifically, perceiving similarity promotes a sense of coherence between the two cultural identities which can facilitate the additive pattern. On the other hand, perceiving little similarities may suggest that the individual’s cultural identities are incoherent, resulting in a subtractive pattern. The second article makes use of four correlational studies to test the hypotheses that, in the context of globalization (three studies in Kyrgyzstan and one study in a Franco-Ontarian community), participating in a new group predicts higher identification with it (Hypothesis 1), and that this increased identification with the new group will be either positively (Hypothesis 2a) or negatively (Hypothesis 2b) associated with the group or origin, depending on the perceived level of similarity between the cultural groups and their characteristics. The third article presents experimental data that confirms the predictive role of participating in the new group in increasing identification with the new group (Hypothesis 1), and replicates the role of perceived similarity in predicting the additive and subtractive pattern of identification (Hypothesis 2a and 2b). Overall, this series of articles provides theoretical and empirical evidence for the impact of actions (participation in a new group) on our self-concept, and more specifically on our cultural identities, both the new identities and the identities of origin.

Writing about conflicting identities: A concrete strategy facilitating well-being and identity integration
Journal: Self and Identity
Marie-Elaine Huberdeau

The social psychology of language
Journal: Handbook of Linguistic and Communication Science
Year: 2016

Testing the subtractive pattern of cultural identification
Journal: European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume: 46
issue: 4
Year: 2016
First Page: 441
Last Page: 454
Catherine E. Amiot
Nazgul Sadykova
Galina L. Gorborukova
Marie-Elaine Huberdeau

Language and indigenous people
Journal: Oxford Encyclopedia of Intergroup Communications
Year: 2016
Donald M. Taylor

Letter from the Senior Associate Editor
Journal: The Journal of Interpersonal Relations, Intergroup Relations and Identity
Volume: 8
Year: 2015

Lettre de la rédactrice adjointe séniore
Journal: Journal sur l'identité, les relations interpersonnelles et les relations intergroupes
Volume: 9
Year: 2016

Distributive justice: Can it all be reduced to equity?
Journal: Encyclopedia of Political Behavior
Year: 2016
Donald M. Taylor
Publisher: Sage

Justice motive
Journal: Encyclopedia of Political Behavior
Year: 2016
Donald M. Taylor
Publisher: Sage